Adobe announced December 31, 2020, the last day of this year, will be the end of Flash Player. After this date, the Flash Player will not receive any further updates.
Adobe will also delete or close all pages for downloading Flash Player. Flash-based content will be blocked from running on Adobe Flash Player. Adobe also advises users not to use Flash anymore.
Adobe Flash Player, also known simply as Flash, is a multimedia creation program, Macromedia Flash Player. This program is written and distributed by Adobe Systems. Flash uses vector graphics and print graphics.
Flash also has its own scripting language called ActionScript and is capable of transmitting and downloading audio or video streams. In fact, the word Macromedia Flash should be used to refer to the program that creates Flash files. The word Flash Player should be reserved for the application that is responsible for executing or displaying those Flash files. However, the word Flash is used to refer to both programs.
Flash is a tool for developing applications such as designing simulation software. Use the ActionScript programming language to create interactions, animations in movies. The strength of Flash is that it is possible to embed audio and animation files. Programmers can actively prepare the navigation for the program. Flash can also publish a variety of HTML, exe, jpg, etc. files to suit users’ applications such as Web, CD, etc.
Flash files, usually with the extension .swf (Shockwave Flash.) And can be displayed by Web browser programs or Flash Player applications. Flash files are usually animations, advertisements, or decorative elements of Web pages. Recently Flash is also used to create rich Internet applications. At the same size, a Flash file can contain more information than a GIF or JPEG file.
The biggest advantage of Flash – with vector graphics – is the very small file kick size. Convenient for data transmission over the Internet.
At first, Flash was not called Flash, nor is it a product of Adobe. In 1993, a company called FutureWave Software was founded by three people, Jonathan Gay, Charlie Jackson, and Michelle Welsh, who planned to create an application software that allows people to draw directly on a computer screen.
They created a software called SmartSketch, which faces fierce competition on Windows and Mac OS platforms – The company decided to focus on web animation tools and renamed the part. Soft into FutureSplash Animator.
FutureSplash, released in May 1996, was quickly accepted by Microsoft, followed by Disney and Fox, all of which are well-known companies. This software was also at the time favored by Macromedia.
In late 1996, FutureSplash was acquired by Macromedia and officially renamed as Flash.
During development and upgrade, Flash has two areas like the introduced above. The first array is an image editing and animation tool. The second array is Flash, which also has a media player, specifically Flash Player, which is freely provided by Macromedia as a plug-in.
In December 2005, Macromedia was acquired by Adobe and Macromedia Flash became Adobe Flash.
Sometime after 2000, the PC market flourished, and Flash also developed into a popular software, especially in Animation and Web site design. At that time, taking advantage of the weaknesses and imperfections of HTML’s functions, Flash created a powerful empire in the field of Web design with its own standards.
From 2000 to 2010, countless companies have built and used Flash-based websites, content-rich websites with creative interaction.
Especially in 2005, when YouTube was just launched, they also chose to use Flash Player as a media player on their system. During this period, Web and Flash video streaming platforms exploded, becoming more and more popular. At the time, Flash Player was almost pre-installed on all computers.
However, in reality, the development of Flash is largely due to taking advantage of the unprecedented functions of HTML in the PC era. Especially about video, audio, animation, and interaction.
The introduction of the iPhone in 2007 was a turning point in the development of Flash or the beginning of the process for Flash to fade away.
Before the iPhone was released, Adobe also tried to join the mobile platform. Adobe launched the Flash Lite platform in 2005 in order to get Flash running on mobile platforms, but the problem of mobile processors, wasted power prevented Flash Lite from working well on mobile devices.
When the iPhone was first released, Adobe had the opportunity to include Flash in Apple products at the first iPhone launch event, but the effect was too poor.
In 2007, in order to help the YouTube App be pre-installed and run well on the iPhone when it was first released, YouTube had to abandon Flash support on the iPhone – this was Flash’s first failure on the mobile platform.
In 2010, when the iPad was released, Flash still did not appear. Until April 2010, Apple’s CEO at the time was Steve Jobs. Rarely does he publish an open letter, ” Thoughts on Flash”, which strongly criticizes Adobe Flash and recommends HTML5 development?
The letter clarifies some weaknesses of Flash:
– Poor security, listed by Symantec as one of the least secure and worst applications in 2009.
– Unstable stability, causing Mac computers to freeze and freeze.
– Delay in launching a mobile version, or Flash platform for mobile, that consumes the power of mobile devices when accessing Flash video websites;
– Flash’s main operating habit is to use a custom mouse that is not suitable for multi-touch operation mode, which makes a large number of Flash websites need to rewrite.
Flash is the product of the personal computer era, this software is designed for personal computers and mice. Adobe, Flash is a successful business and we understand why they want to promote it to other areas. However, the mobile era is an era of low power consumption, touch screen interfaces, and open network standards. Regardless, Flash has its flaws.
At the end of the letter, Jobs proposed HTML5. Mobile era has created new open standards like HTML5, which will win over mobile devices (as well as personal computers). Perhaps Adobe should focus more on the development of HTML5 tools in the future, giving up obsolete things.
With this letter from Steve Jobs, Flash really began to step into the process of decline.
And the death of Flash began to “spread” from mobile to the PC.
Although Flash was not included in iPhones and iPads in the first place, Adobe actually brought Flash Player to other mobile platforms, such as Android.
However, in November 2011, Adobe confirmed that it had stopped developing Flash Mobile Player, at that time, Adobe Vice President Daniel Winokur stated.
HTML5 is supported on all mobile devices, HTML5 in some cases, it is also fully supported (on iOS devices). This makes HTML5 the best solution for creating and deploying content in mobile browsers.
On August 15, 2012, Adobe removed Adobe Flash Player from the Google Play app store – this means that Flash has officially withdrawn from the Android platform.
In the following years, Flash was gradually replaced by HTML5 on both PC platforms (including Macs) – but it was not until the end of October 2014 that the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) announced the HTML5 standard with improvements. Outstanding technical progress.
The new standard of HTML5, though having subsided, has also accelerated the decline of Flash.
Here are some important points that have influenced Flash’s history:
– In January 2015, YouTube announced that it would abandon the original Adobe Flash video player and use HTML5 video as the default streaming method for major browsers like Chrome, IE, and Safari.
– In February 2015, Google started to automatically switch its ads from the Flash version to HTML 5 version.
– Starting September 1, 2015, all ads within Amazon, including Amazon.com, do not use Flash.
– December 22, 2015, Facebook announced that all videos on its website use HTML5 technology to play by default, instead of using Flash technology.
It can be seen that when HTML5 is recognized as an industry standard, Flash has basically entered the state of Exit. Finally, in December 2015, Adobe announced that it was renaming Flash to Animate, and urged developers to abandon Flash and switch to HTML5. Regarded as the death sentence for Flash.
In July 2017, Adobe officially announced that Flash will end by the end of 2020 and tell its partners Apple, Microsoft, Google, Facebook and Mozilla that in the next three years, they will stop providing Flash and switch. to the Technical Support stage. The “death sentence” for Flash will begin on December 31, 2020.
For Adobe, the death of Flash is not really a pity. To some extent, Adobe is the one who made Flash’s death faster. This is also consistent with the trend of technology development. The trend of technology development is not changed by the will of a person, a company or even an industry.
After all, the fate of anything cannot escape the course of history.